I mean, this is usefull question. Why are you guys voting for close? It's not too broad, I formated it to be direct on topic.
I believe the question can be considered "too broad" because you basically ask for the pros, cons and similarities of every filament that can be 3D-printed.
You last paragraph is a better question, since you here ask how to find the right filament for your cause. If that is really what you want to ask, you could try putting more emphasis on that specific question.
If what you actually want to know is what filament you should use for one specific application - for instance for a part that need to withstand physical stress - try asking about that instead.
In general, it can often be better to ask a question with a specific scenario - even a constructed case - than asking general questions.
Also, remember to always try getting your title as specific as possible, since that is the first impression users will get when the read your post!